Kokborok Grammar

Kokborok Alphabets

A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, W, Y

DISCLAIMER: KOKBOROK SCRIPTS ARE IN STILL DEVELOPMENT & OTHER SCRIPT APART FROM ENGLISH MAY BE USED IN FUTURE.

kokborok script
Resources taken from https://en.everybodywiki.com/Kokborok_script

How to Pronunciate in Kokborok-

Vowels:

  • A,  a as in Apple – In Kokborok- Ama[Mother]
  • E, e as in Ink – In Kokborok- Ereng[A lie]
  • I, i as in Ink – In Kokborok- Isri[The Queen]
  • O, o as in orange – In Kokborok- Osa[Festival]
  • U, u as in Umbrella- In Kokborok- Uklak[Behind]
  • W, w as in (U) Wake- In Kokborok- Wng[To be]

Consonants-

  • B+a is Ba: Example- Bara(Short)
  • B+e is Be: Example- Bereng(To hum)
  • B+i is Bi: Example- Bihik(His wife)
  • B+o is Bo: Example- Bol(Wood)
  • B+u is Bu: Example- Bukung(Nose)
  • B+w is Bw: Example- Bwtwng(Like a Thread)

Note: Consonants with vowels are used both for a specific word.

Syntax in Kokborok:

a) Subject Complement
Naisok chwrai kaham.
(Naisok) (boy good).
Naisok is a good boy.
b) Subject Object Verb
Naisok mai chao.
(Naisok) (rice) (eat).
Naisok eats rice.
c) Possessive Subject Question
Nini (bu)mung tamo?
(Your) (name) (what)
What is your name?
d) Subject Question Verb
Nwng tamoni bagwi phai?
(You) (what for) (come)
Why have you come?
e) Subject Verb and Question
Nwng thangnaide?
(You) (will go)
Will you go?
f) Subject Verb and Command
Nwng thangdi.
(You) (go)
You go.

Gender in Kokborok:

There are four genders mostly used in Kokborok: masculine gender, feminine gender, common gender, and neuter gender.

Such As
borok man – masculine
bwrwi woman – feminine
chwrai child – common
buphang tree – neuter

There are various ways to change the genders of words in modern Kokborok.

Using different words at the same time
bwsai husband bihik wife
phayung brother hanok sister
kiching male friend mare female friend
Adding i at the end of the masculine word
sikla young man sikli young woman
achu grandfather achui grandmother
When the masculine words ends in a, the a is dropped.
Adding jwk at the end of the masculine word
bwsa son bwsajwk daughter
kwra father-in-law kwrajwk mother-in-law
Words of common gender are made masculine by adding suffixes, like sachwla/lajua and feminine by adding majwkbwrwi
pun goat punjua he goat punjwk she goat
tok fowl tokla cock tokma hen
takhum swan takhumchwla drake takhumbwrwi duck

How to present Conjoint Letters in Kokborok?

Ch,Kh,N’,Ph,Th,Va.Uo

1.

Ch + a is  – Cha[To right]

Ch + e is – Cherep[To reduce]

Ch + i is – Chirik[To Shout]

Ch + o is – Chol[To Cut]

Ch + u is – Chuk[To high]

Ch + w is – Chwk[To sting]

Note: Kh, Ph, Th will be used similar to the above one.

2.

N’ represents the nasal sound.

Example –In’ – Yes

In’ hi – No/Nope[Negative Sign]

3.

Ng is a conjoint letter which is generally used in the last syllable of the word.

Example – Aming which is -A cat

Holong -Stone

4.

Ua is used in this way.

Example: Uak – Pig; Uah-Bamboo; Uatwi-Rain.

5.

Uo is used in this way.

Example: Buo- Bitting; Thuo- Sleeping.

  • The last Alphabet of a bearing K & P will be G & B after using a vowel letter as a suffix and the meaning of the word will be changed.

Example:

  1. Paithat – Last: Paithak+O = Paithago –In last, Kok –Language: Kok +O = Kogo – In Language
  2. Koklop – Poem: Koklop + O =Koklobo –In Poem, Khaklap –Chest: Khaklap+O =Khaklabo –In the chest
  • To Explain the High Tune of a Word, the “H” letter will be fixed with the syllable when the high tune is pronounced.

Example:

Low Tune                                                          High Tune

  1. Bo- He or She                                       Boh- He or She in far place
  2. Bor- Senseless                                     Bohr- To Plant
  3. Lai – Easy                                              Laih- To cross
  4. Nukhung- Family                                  Nukhuhng- Roof

 

Advance Kokborok Grammar is available in Premium Version.